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Diskussion:Sima Qian


Der wichtigste Teil der Fortsetzung hier schon einmal aus der englischen WP:

Although the style and form of Chinese historical writings varied through ages, Sima Qian’s Shiji has since dictated the proceeding quality and style. Not only is this due to the fact that the Chinese historical form was codified in the second dynastic history by Ban Gu’s (班固) Han Shu (漢書), but historians also actually regard Sima Qian’s work as their model, which stands as the ‘official format’ of history of China.

In writing Shiji, Sima Qian initiated a new writing style by presenting history in a series of biographies. His work extends over 130 chapters — not in historical sequence, but was divided into particular subjects, including annals, chronicles, treatises — on music, ceremonies, calendars, religion, economics—and extended biographies. Before Sima Qian, histories were written as a dynastic history, his idea of a general history affected later historiographers like Zhengqiao (鄭樵) in writing Tongshi (通史) and Sima Guang (司馬光) in writing Zizhi Tongjian (資治通鑑). Sima Qian even affected the writing style of histories in other places, as seen in The History of Korea, which was written as a general history.

Sima Qian und sein Shiji hatten einen sehr großen Einfluss auf die chinesische Geschichtsschreibung und den chinesischen Prosastil, der sich durchaus mit der Wirkung des Alten Testaments in der Bibel and Herodots Historiai vergleichen lässt..